Lucio Fontana

(1899 - 1968)

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Born in Rosario de Santa Fe, Argentina, in 1899, to Milanese parents, Fontana spent his childhood between the two continents, before settling in his parents' hometown in 1927. His first works were in terracotta, inspired by the practice of father as a sculptor. The artist's practice in sculpture and three-dimensionality. The Triennale, the Venice Biennale and the Rome Quadrennial, as well as the Galerie Jeanne Bucher-Mayor of Paris. In 1940 he escaped from the war in Europe and returned to Argentina. There, in 1946, Fontana set forth the principles for his artistic practice with the first Manifiesto Blanco, a declaration of neo-futurist poetry. Embracing science and technology and a new dimension of flat surface: space beyond the canvas. Thus through the cut - One of the most primitive gestures in the history of art - Fontana freed the artist from the borders of the flat surface of the canvas. These principles have raised the movement that co-founded: spatialism. The works of the fountain create on them are invariably entitled "Spatial Concept" (or "Spatial Concept"). Returning to Milan in 1947, he further deepened his spatial research, making holes in the canvases, as an incarnation of infinite potential. In the early sixties, Fontana completely embraced the monochrome, seeking the purity and regularity of his works to overcome the chaos of Informal Art. He saw his works exhibited in several important exhibitions such as the Venice Biennale, seven times between 1948 and 1968 and in a traveling exhibition created by the MoMA between 1966 and 1968. After his death in 1968, many exhibitions were organized posthumously: the Pompidou Center in Paris made a retrospective retrospective of the artist's work in 1987, and his works were presented at the Italian Metamorphosis Exhibition at the Guggenheim in New York in 1994. Since then, he has become one of the world's most sought-after artists and his works are housed in the main museum collections such as the Center Pompidou (Paris), the Tate (London) and the MoMA (New York).